Author Archives: Angela

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Automated Forklifts – The Ultimate Purchasing Guide

Automated Forklifts

Is there a new world of automated forklifts upon us? Will we even need humans to operate forklifts once the automated robots take over? Warehouse operations are more complex today than they have ever been. In today’s fast-paced business climate, customers increasingly demand and expect more from their warehouse and distribution centers. Customers today are finicky. They expect to receive their orders as quickly and accurately as possible, while receiving the highest level of service. Switching to automated forklifts may be you only way to keep up with these demands. If you are looking for more information about how your business can keep competitive, contact Wayco. We are happy to answer any questions you may have and help you create an effective solution to your warehousing needs.

Automated Forklifts

Contact Us for Warehouse Solutions

Amazon: An Automated Warehouse in Action

Amazon is a great example where automated robots are used effectively in a warehouse setting. These automated robots carry bins of product that people have ordered online to the associates who then pick out the item that their customer has ordered. Instead of humans walking to find that item, the item comes to them now. By a scanning QR codes to detect their path and moving in different directions within a grid, these robots cleverly move to where they are needed. It is impressive to see several robots, each carrying about 700 lbs of materials, each one waiting their turn to be sorted.

It is a real challenge to have different machines move around on their own, in a given space, especially since each one weighs about eight tonnes. By using built-in sensor technology, the robots don’t crash into each other, even though they’re moving at 8 km/h. Tens of thousands of items leave Amazon each day – and for those who use Prime delivery in the GTA, they get their packages at their door mere hours later.

Will Automation Take Away Jobs?

The working relationship between man and machine is part of a typical day at a Amazon. Automation has allowed a quicker turnaround in supply and shipping in places. Some have argued that the use of machines in warehouses will take away jobs. On the contrary, Amazon says they have been able to grow their workforce because of the use of robotics. Amazon’s New Jersey automated center has the largest workforce with more than 3,500 full-time employees.  Brampton has 700 full-time employees, with an additional 200 hired last month, working in this 855,000 square feet. Amazon has opened a fulfillment center every year in Canada since 2011, starting with Mississauga, then growing into a second Brampton location and Milton, plus two warehouses in British Columbia.

Westfalia: Optimize Your Warehouse

Westfalia is an automated storage & retrieval system that combines software development with machinery from pallet flow systems, conveyors, order pick systems (pick-to-light, pick-to-voice, etc), layer forming and robotic palletizers, automated parking systems, and stainless steel case packing, stacking and handling equipment. Westfalia’s flexible automated storage and retrieval systems (AS/RS) consists of a variety of computer-controlled systems for automatically placing and retrieving loads from defined storage locations. The computer determines where in the storage area the item can be retrieved from and schedules the retrieval.  It directs the proper automated storage and retrieval machine to the location where the item is stored and directs the machine to deposit the item at a location where it is to be picked up. A system of conveyors and or automated guided vehicles is sometimes part of the AS/RS system. These take loads into and out of the storage area and move them to the manufacturing floor or loading docks. To store items, the pallet or tray is placed at an input station for the system, the information for inventory is entered into a computer terminal and the AS/RS system moves the load to the storage area, determines a suitable location for the item, and stores the load. As items are stored into or retrieved from the racks, the computer updates its inventory accordingly.

They have the ability to adapt to changing market conditions now and in the future implementing warehouse solutions to manufacturers and distributors utilizing a variety of loads. Westfalia’s theory is “Warehouse storage space is expensive, so it makes sense to make the most of your warehouse storage capacity in order to reduce carrying costs and increase material handling efficiency.” 

Recently a private label bottled water industry installed an AS/RS system for their residential and retail clients sizes ranging from single servings to five gallon bottles. Now it operates in one aisle, each capable of handling two pallets at a time. Rack entry vehicles quickly and smoothly store and retrieve pallets from the four level rack which holds over 6,500 pallet positions in 10 pallet deep storage lanes. In a few short months, a marked improvement in safety has already been noticed due to significantly fewer forklifts being used for warehousing. An updated accurate full inventory can be obtained with a push of a button! 

Warehouse Automation Can Cut Long-term Costs

One fact exists, warehouse automation stands as one of the last areas where long-term costs can be significantly reduced. Many vendors with automated robotics have undergone numerous tests with their automation and have found that it operates almost flawlessly.  As in all major capital purchases, cost is a big consideration. It is important to remember that over a 25+ year life cycle, the initial cost lessens when taking into account the annual profits, which are usually related to labor cost reductions, a smaller footprint, and higher customer service levels. So basically a 25+ year life cycle can be achieved in 5 years or less. Warehouse automation can give a company new opportunities for higher productivity, better space utilization and greater economic justification.

What Purposes Do Automated Forklifts Serve?

Automated Forklift Equipment

 But let’s go over exactly what automated equipment can do and what they can not do in the whole warehouse process. Automated robotics has allowed a quicker turnaround in supply and shipping in places. Robotics can boost your productivity, reduce product damage, and optimize your facility, reducing costs and increasing efficiency and profitability. One fact exists, warehouse automation stands as one of the last areas where long-term costs can be significantly reduced. Another great factor is safety, it will eliminate fork truck related accidents as well as eliminate any facility and equipment damage by conventional fork trucks. There is also a reduction in mis-shipments and product loss with automated machinery.  Bottom line is that they can achieve a higher customer satisfaction levels which in turn will create future growth. But don’t worry about machines taking over. The cool thing about humans is that we are still needed to operate the machines; to actually get things done. Plus, who’s going to repair these automated forklifts when they need maintenance; and someone has to drive the product to the customer or check the product for damage.

What you need to know before buying

Substantial benefits and significant labour savings can be provided by automation. Unfortunately, if you make the wrong choices, you can burn a hole in you wallet getting little, if any improvement over what could have be done with traditional solutions. To determine whether or not they are right for you, you will need to weigh the benefits and drawbacks and decide whether they would hinder or complement your business.

Automated Forklifts

Here are a few simple rules to help you make a decision when investing in automation:

  • Purchase high-quality equipment
  • Design for expansion
  • Remember that long term planning automation occurs over the course of several years
  • Training Costs for new equipment’s operational and safety procedures
  • Calculate the cost savings
  • Personnel should be part of the project team from the start; do not wait unit system goes live
  • Be proactive; it’s less expensive to follow recommended preventive maintenance schedules
  • Select your vendor carefully; check references and experience
  • Make a list of the benefits

Where to buy

Automated solutions can solve challenges today and ensure that you’re ready to react more quickly to business disruptions.  Labour costs are rising and automated forklifts are ideal for tasks that are tedious and labour intensive, but do not require much skill like Diematic Mobile Automation. These mobile robotic automated guided vehicles can move and transport items within production, warehouse and distribution environments. Maybe you need a solution for warehouse space?  Earlier we talked about warehouse solutions from Westfalia Innovative Solutions custom automated storage and retrieval solution a leading provider of logistics solutions with over 100 installations in North and South America. Today, the sales of  automated forklifts vendors are on the rise. You can purchase them from companies such as Transbotic, Diematic and Kollmorgen . These are just a few vendors, but remember what you need to know before buying.

Automated Forklift

Advantages and Disadvantages of Automated Forklifts

To help you determine whether or not they are right for you, here are some of the major benefits and drawbacks of using Automated Forklifts.


  • Repetitive – with little variation, shift after shift
  • Optimized space utilization 
  • Reduced labor and equipment costs. 
  • Less product and waste damage
  • Lower maintenance costs
  • Lower energy costs
  • Organized inventory
  • Increase efficiency
  • Shipping Accuracy
  • Safety eliminates truck related accident


Of course, there are some disadvantages to using robotics. These include:

  • Can’t always adapt to changing situations
  • Product label could be unreadable, show as an error
  • Initial cost of equipment is high
  • Not suitable for non-repetitive tasks
  • Potential Job Losses
  • Hiring or Training Skilled Staff
  • Possible down time due to malfunctions
  • Maintenance Costs

Canadians may be slowly outsourcing themselves to robots – and that may have a significant impact on the economy, according to an automation expert. Right now, drones are being tested for deliveries, eliminating more potential jobs. With this growing boom, the last decade has seen Automated Forklifts become integrated in many industries outside of distribution and manufacturing—such as retail, the military, and even healthcare.

Google Review ~We purchased a used fork lift from Wayco in January. It was extremely clean and in excellent condition when it was delivered. We have also had incredible ongoing service from the professionals at Wayco. Overall dealing with them has been an excellent experience.~ Dons Trailer



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Rough Terrain Load Lifter – Everything you Need to Know

rough terrainRough Terrain Load Lifter – Everything you Need to Know

What is a load lifter? A load lifter is a rough terrain forklift also known as a  deep reach truck because it can ultimately reach double deep for construction, industry, agriculture and mining situations. It is used outdoors in challenging conditions. “Rough Terrain”  means literally, any ground that isn’t smooth. This would include hilly, rocky, bumpy, and mountainous terrains. Forklifts generally fall into two categories: industrial and rough terrain. Industrial forklifts are commonly used in warehouses and around truck and train loading docks.  Rough terrain forklifts are designed to run on rough, unpaved surfaces and have large pneumatic tires. These forklifts are powered by an internal combustion engine running on gasoline, diesel or propane fuel. Rough terrain forklifts can have a vertical tower, which lifts loads straight up, or a telescoping boom, which lifts loads up and out from the base of the machine.

So whether you are in lumber, mining, agriculture, construction or any other industrial business, the rough terrain load lifter design may be right for your challenging environment. It is considered the premier type of telehandlers and vertical mast forklifts. If you have to move material across uneven, difficult terrain Contact Us, to find out if this load lifter is for you.

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Rough Terrain Forklift

Load Lifter 

Load Lifter is a world leader in the production of rough terrain forklifts and has produced high quality forklifts for these markets. It has lead the way with innovative design and value priced vehicles. Load Lifter was one of the first North American manufacturers to build a true four wheel drive, four wheel, steer and rough terrain forklift. They now have five series of machines representing a total of more than twenty-eight models ranging from 4,000 to 30,000 lbs and lift heights from 8 to 42 feet to choose from. Today, rough terrain forklifts are a common sight on construction projects. They handle everything from pallets of concrete block to stacks of plywood to roof beams. 

A Load Lifter rough terrain forklift is four wheel drive making it the perfect choice to work during winter and spring weather conditions. This forklift utilizes four equal sized wheels and offers four wheel steering. This makes it very maneuverable with superior performance in deep mud and snow.  Standard lift trucks typically have four uniformly sized tires of the same width where a load lifter has significantly larger front tires that support the heavy lifting while using smaller tires at the rear for steering. The tires have deep treads and are foam filled which eliminates the threat of punctures on any surface. Unlike standard trucks that operate on relatively smooth surfaces, rough terrain forklifts are used on gravel lots, plowed fields, hillsides, bogs and rough cut construction sites as well as paved surfaces.

A rough terrain forklift has many good features including:

  • roomy well equipped optional cab assembly
  • larger operators compartment and generous leg and foot room
  • excellent operator access on and off machine with adjustable tilt steering column
  • adjustable seat height from the operators position
  • finger tip steering even at low engine idle

Just because they are big in size doesn’t mean you can’t ride in comfort. Load lifter does have a quieter operation than most due to increased insulation and anti-vibration technology. The rugged and maneuverable compact Load Lifter rough terrain has a straight mast which is much wider and able to reach higher than a standard lift trucks. The standard lift truck has a two or three stage mast lifting with a usual maximum height of 189″, but the  Load Lifter can lift up to 504″; that’s almost double the lift. The forks will be longer depending on the size of the forklift. The mast on Load Lifter is the leader in visibility and sight lines and it’s powered by an EPA compliant diesel engines. Load lifter makes a variety of rough terrain models designed for specific purposes for different industries.

Telescopic Handler

Rough Terrain Forklift

The new generation of Load Lifter Telescopic Forklifts can make your life easier and will be a strong competitor in the construction and rental sector of the equipment business. The telescopic handler is a far more popular model of Rough Terrain Forklift in the United States than it is in Canada; and it continues to remain that way today.  This machine was built with a componentized power train and a purpose built frame. Many other manufacturers used converted agricultural tractors for their machine base, but these were difficult to service and repair if a major component was required to be removed.  These machines were produced with capacities from 6 through 12 thousand pounds and lift heights of up to 30 feet.

Laborer Series

Rough Terrain Forklift

Load Lifters builds the Laborer series rough terrain machine for the mining industry which required a specific application for underground use. Miners had several issues with low ceiling heights and very small cages to transport their work equipment from level to level. They also had a need for a forklift that would be capable of climbing steep grades and be able to meet very strict safety requirements. These units were extremely compact and rugged, and were able to fit in areas that conventional rough terrain forklifts could not. Four wheel drive was offered as an option which was not typical for industrial forklifts of similar capacity. The first unit was built as a mine application machine with very specialized options that met the specific requirements. With such positive responses to the mine version, they released a more economically priced aggressive forklift. This machine was utilized by paving stone, recreational vehicle and utility companies. 

Agri Lifter

Rough Terrain Forklift

The turf industry approached Load Lifter to build the Agri Lifter. This industry needed a heavy use, vertical mast rough terrain forklift that was also light and agile, specific for their application. They had been using a construction type designed machine that in many cases was too heavy. The Agri-lifter series is available in 4-5000 lb capacity. Agri forklifts have higher ground clearance allowing greater articulation and easier movement across uneven ground without grounding, damaging undercarriage or bogging the unit. Agri Lifter has a higher ground clearance allowing greater articulation and easier movement across uneven ground without grounding, damaging undercarriage or bogging the unit.

To improve on the rough terrain Load Lifter, a wide variety of attachments has been developed to improve their utility such as winches, booms and rotating fork carriages allowing it to place materials more accurately. Articulating booms, or booms with two separate extendible arms, can reach up and over structures to place loads on interior roof slopes or in the center of upper floors.

Advantages of the Rough Terrain Forklifts

  • Carry huge amounts of material at a single time and provide back support to the lift
  • Have more accurate steering response and precision
  • Easier to change lanes at high speeds without the risk of going into a spin
  • Calibrated counterbalance at the back of the forklift prevents it from becoming overbalanced
  • Higher ground clearance allowing greater articulation and easier movement across uneven ground 
  • Diesel engines to provide the extra power necessary to operate over rough terrain while carrying heavy loads
  • Navigate slopes with gradients of up to 38% offering superior operation over rough terrain

Disadvantages of the Rough Terrain Forklifts

  • More expensive construction since vehicles with four wheel steering cost more
  • With pricey construction comes higher maintenance cost
  • If tires are air filled there’s a possible hazard of punctured pneumatic tires
  • Designed for outdoor use only
  • Higher cost of fuel
  • Need a large storage area 

Watch this Load Lifter video and keep your eye on what the mast and forks are capable of doing! 


Why You Need to Take the Rough Terrain Training Class 7

According to OSHA, rough terrain forklifts are classified as class 7 forklifts, and include three primary types: vertical mast rough terrain forklifts, variable reach rough terrain forklifts, and truck or trailer mounted rough terrain forklifts. The rough terrain forklift can carry heavy loads and should be driven carefully like a regular forklift as it also has the risk of tipping over, rollovers and collisions.. Drivers of these vehicles have more reason to be concerned about safety; so operators need to be provided with the proper training to operate a rough terrain forklift.  Being extra cautious is never a mistake as it guards you against dangerous accidents.

Rough terrain forklifts are more commonly used today in the construction industries and there is also a great potential for misuse, operator error and possible accidents by untrained workers who may not recognize potential hazards. Learn how to avoid hazards and how to navigate through various situations to prevent accidents. Neglecting to train workers now has serious financial and legal implications. The rough terrain training will ensure you’re compliant with industry standards. According to OSHA, all forklift operators must receive training that consists of written instruction, practical training, a rough terrain forklift test, and an evaluation. It must cover both rough terrain forklift truck related and workplace-related topics, and be led by a qualified trainer. Like the standard forklift training you will be trained on a pre-operational check, loading and unloading, stability and handling, and fueling in a safe manner.

Training is the key to a safe, long and successful career!

Google Review~We purchased a used fork lift from Wayco in January. It was extremely clean and in excellent condition when it was delivered. We have also had incredible ongoing service from the professionals at Wayco. Overall dealing with them has been an excellent experience.~Don’s Trailer


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What Power Should I Choose for my Forklift? Electric vs Diesel vs LPG Forklifts

So how do you go about choosing the most suitable engine type for your forklift? Electric vs Diesel vs LPG Forklifts. What is the best fuel type to choose? We review the three types to help you make an informed decision when acquiring a new or additional forklifts for your business. Before you get in touch with us here are a few things you ought to know.

Electric vs Diesel vs LPG Forklifts

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What Power Should I Choose for my Forklift? Electric vs Diesel vs LPG Forklifts

Electric Forklift

Because they are compact, electric-generated lift trucks can get around tight spaces, not to mention the fact that they are easy to operate. You pay a high price tag upfront though. The electric forklift is ideal for working indoors due to their low emissions, but just like the automotive industry, advances in the electric lift truck designs are now allowing them to be utilized in more outdoor applications than in the past. Those with seal components, including motors, controllers and connectors can also be used outdoors. Energy efficiency is a key factor to consider when selecting an electric lift truck. Although, it is important to factor in that batteries still require electricity from the grid, they have zero emission, which means a safe and healthy environment.  That is why these can be called the Green Forklifts.

Electric vs Diesel vs LPG ForkliftsRun times are critical to productivity for your operation, so the biggest consideration is the recharging process. A typical battery for an electric forklift will take 8 hours to recharge completely and then an additional 8 hours to cool down before it should be used. For example, a single charge could last from 3 to 12 hours depending on the application and other factors. You may have to consider additional batteries if your operation has multiple shifts. We spoke about the high maintenance of a gas forklift, well batteries for the electric forklift need proper maintenance to extend the battery life. Electric lift trucks operate on battery power, resulting in considerable less maintenance than the engine powered machines due to the fact there are less moving parts. Electric forklift have no clutch or inching pedal, they only have an accelerator and brake pedal generally making it easier to drive than engine powered machines. 

Warehouses can take advantage of an electric forklifts’ superior maneuverability and enjoy their quiet, but faithful services because the battery weight of an electric forklift acts as an effective counterbalance. Electrics have a  3 wheel design which is great for narrow aisles due to their small and delicate turning ability. They also come in 4 wheel options offering stability and gradeability to help you handle heavy materials in steeper environments. Electric forklifts have a low center of gravity, so they are more stable at greater heights. In comparison to the propane forklift, the electric forklift is slightly easier to see behind the machine. The operator will have better vision when determining if the rear path is clear.

Electric vs Diesel vs LPG Forklifts

The sky is the limit for fuel cell forklifts making the material handling industry a green one. Not only is this good for the environment but it’s also a bonus for employees in the workplace. The advantages now far outweigh the disadvantages. It is clear why electric forklifts have played an expanding role in equipment fleets with their safety, performance, and environmental strengths. For the average business owner who is looking for a good long term investment, going electric for material handling in indoor areas is an easy choice.

There has never been a better time to “go green” and take advantage of the advancements made in operating an electric forklift fleet.  By doing so you will have a safer and cleaner facility, reduced operating costs, and you will leave a smaller footprint behind while you improve the profits of your material handling operation.  


  1. Can not be used outside in wet weather for prolonged periods of time
  2. Initial cost of the forklift is much heftier upfront because of the battery and charger
  3. Cannot be used during recharge mode and can seriously slow down your work pace
  4. 8 hours to charge a battery
  5. Battery changing station (200 sq. ft) which further limits your storage space
  6. Charging area needs to be dry, ventilated and temperature controlled
  7. Changing batteries can be quite difficult as they weigh over 1,300 kg
  8. Batteries last for roughly five years
  9. Performance will degrade as the battery reaches 80% discharge
  10. Batteries are expensive
  11. Electric forklifts are limited to availability over 12,000 lbs
  12. A better floor surface is needed

The technology of electric forklifts is growing every day and sales have outpaced that of traditional internal combustion forklifts for a few years, but electric forklifts are not suitable in all applications.

Propane (IC) vs Electric Operational Cost Calulator

This calculator will give you your operational cost difference for propane vs electric forklift by purchase price and maintenance.

Electric vs Diesel vs LPG Forklifts

Diesel Forklift

Diesels forklift need diesel fuel to run, which is more affordable than the electric forklifts. Diesel powered forklift trucks are ideal for applications where they are mainly used outside. Diesel also lasts longer as than other fuel types. Diesel forklifts have some of the most affordable long term operating and fuel costs among internal combustion forklifts.  Diesel forklifts are more powerful and can out-lift the average electric forklift too. Exhaust catalysts and purifiers can reduce exhaust emissions and make the machine acceptable for occasional indoor use. Diesel forklifts are not adversely affected by wet or damp weather. Therefore it’s recommended that you get a diesel forklift if you need to do heavy lifting or if you use it outdoors in climates that experience harsh winters or hot and humid summers.

Electric vs Diesel vs LPG ForkliftsThe biggest advantage is their low operating costs. Diesel forklifts are the cheapest fuel option, they can be refueled on-site, and they are immediately ready to go. Sure you don’t have to refuel an electric forklift, but they are not cut out for outdoor environments the way diesel forklifts are. Comparing diesel with gas forklifts, the diesel fuel systems are internalized where propane engines are either external or rear-mounted and usually the diesel engine lasts significantly longer than propane engines. You will also have fewer maintenance issues as a diesel forklift requires less scheduled and repair maintenance and has longer engine life compared to propane models.

Diesel forklifts are considered better in industrial applications or carrying heavier loads. Extra attachments can be added to a diesel forklift, like hydraulic attachments which do not affect its power nearly as much electric forklifts. The more components that need power for electric forklifts, the faster the battery and overall power of the forklift is depleted. The higher torque of a diesel engine forklift compared with an LPG truck makes it better on gradients and more powerful for towing duties or when used with a bucket on the forks for scooping aggregates, etc. When it comes to disposal, diesel forklifts usually have a higher residual value than LPG or electric machines. Diesel forklifts are available for use at any time of the day or night.


  1. Emits toxic exhaust fumes
  2. Needs a well ventilated or open space area
  3. Cannot work their way around corners and tight spots
  4. Loud engines makes for difficult communication
  5. Cost of diesel can be higher than propane
  6. Cost of the big tank for storing the fuel can be higher then the cost of the forklift
  7. Diesel forklifts are expensive to buy and expensive to run
  8. Fuel prices are predicted to increase over the years
  9. Requires more consumable parts – emissions maintenance, filters
  10. Fuel emissions are not eco-friendly
Gasoline and diesel engines are the two most commonly used internal combustion engines even though their operations seem similar they have some interesting differences and each has advantages over the other. The following video is aimed at exploring these differences.


LPG Forklift

Enter any industrial facility or warehouse,and chances are you’ll see propane forklifts in use. In fact, more than 670,000 propane-powered forklifts are in use in industrial, manufacturing, and construction businesses all over the country. When it comes to usability, having a forklift that can be used both indoors and outdoors without any decrease in safety or efficiency is a plus. Propane trucks are becoming more eco-friendly, affordable, and safe.

Electric vs Diesel vs LPG ForkliftsInternal combustion forklifts are the most common forklift used to pull, push, carry, stack, lift or tier materials inside and outside. There are two types of gas forklifts.They can either be Liquid Propane Gas (LPG) or Petrol Gas. Although it is true that propane emission numbers can’t compare to the zero emission of electric, it is considered clean enough for indoor use and is safer to use than other gases except if there are food or beverage requirements. Propane forklift generates better performance, better horsepower and torque than electric forklifts. Easy to refuel, only replace the empty propane cylinder with a full one. Initial purchase price or capital cost is lower when compared with electric and diesel forklifts. Their travel speeds, rates of acceleration, and lift speeds usually outperform their electric/diesel rivals because of better power to weight ratios and more responsive engines. LPG storage cage saves valuable indoor storage space when compared to an electric recharge station, as the LPG is stored outdoors.

An LPG engine will heat up faster due to the cylinder head temperature, even with a cold engine. The power you start the shift with will not waver or decrease as time goes on. As long as there is fuel in the tank, your forklift will operate at full capacity. Propane forklifts have more varieties of options to choose from. In addition, propane engines can last up to twice as long as their gasoline counterparts saving you money on maintenance.


  1. Exhaust fumes can leave hydrocarbon particles on surfaces
  2. Propane lifts are less effective than diesel models when it comes to torque
  3. Individual operator must be trained on its proper propane handling
  4. Repair maintenance costs are greater than diesel and electric forklifts
  5. Restricted rearward visibility due to the tank location
  6. Future costs of propane are predicted to increase over the years
  7. Gas forklift has greater emissions compared to propane,
  8. Requires a greater amount of space for fuel storage
  9. Forklift operator could get hurt lifting a heavy propane tank
  10. Higher costs when compared with electric.
  11. Freezing temperatures may cause starting or reliability issues.


Each forklift has its own unique advantages and disadvantages. It is important for warehouses to examine their personal business needs and tailor their purchases towards the type and nature of their material handling. The main factors to consider when making your decision should be to take into account how long you need to be operating your forklift for every day, what type of surfaces will your forklift will be navigating, will your forklift be operating in a confined space and how much do you want to outlay for purchasing and running costs.

Contact us for further information on forklifts or other industrial equipment.

Google ReviewI have used Wayco twice, and both times I experienced excellent customer service . They had the right forklift for my needs at a reasonable price. I will be using their services in the future and recommend you do as well.~Gabe Gartner



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5 Elements of Forklift Safety

5 Elements of Forklift Safety

Forklift Safety
In many industries today, it isn’t surprising that forklift truck safety isn’t a priority for most managers and supervisors. According to OSHA, 96,785 is the number of injuries are caused every year (non-serious, serious, and fatal) due to improper training or sheer carelessness on the job. In the United States the number is 855,900, meaning that each year more than 1 in 10 forklifts are involved in an accident (assuming 1 accident per forklift).

These accidents change many lives forever. That is why in 2018, we are encouraging companies to make forklift training a mandatory part of their operations and provide all proper safety information to all of their employees. Take control of your training process and Contact Us now!

Talk to our Training Expert !

To help get you started on your road to safety, here are 5 elements of forklift safety. The most important thing to notice is that these elements don’t cost much more than your time and determination.

1. Train for Safety


A commitment to safety begins with proper training. Forklift drivers and their employers are governed by federal and provincial safety standards. There is no official “license” to obtain in order to operate a forklift, but drivers must have proof that they have received training that meets government standards. Attend a forklift operator training course that meets standards set out by Canadian Standards Association (CSA) and the Ontario Ministry of Labour (MOL) for forklift or lift truck operator training. There will be an in-class theoretical component and hands-on practical component. Once completed successfully, you will receive written confirmation in the form of a certificate. The CSA also recommends that you need to complete practical retraining course every 18 months and a comprehensive classroom and practical re-certification every 3 years. 

Most companies recognize the importance of ‘basic’ operator training. But this alone doesn’t give your operators the tools, skills, and knowledge necessary to work as safely and efficiently as possible, in their role, with their equipment, and in their working environment. A forklift is dangerous; this is the main reason why safety training should be taken seriously. Untrained operators don’t fully understand how to operate equipment; and they can overlook important safety precautions. Accidents are much more expensive than spending money for training: Why? Forklift training benefits the company not just the worker who operates the forklift. Damage due to inexperienced drivers can be costly, cause injuries to operators and pedestrians, cause downtime, and cause loss of life.

 Forklift training will also deal with the most common reasons and situations in which accidents occur and how to avoid these risks and safely operate the forklift. By learning how to avoid the most common situations and behaviors that result in accidents, you will be able to minimize those risks so that the forklift can be used as the tool it is meant to be, saving backbreaking labor and actually making the workplace safer.

2. Perform Checkups


Getting into the habit of regularly inspecting (circle check) all equipment is a simple but important preventative measure, and should be part of every operator’s daily pre-shift routine. Performing a “circle check” reduces the chance of equipment being operated in an unsafe condition. Pre-Checkups will make it easier to spot and deal with maintenance issues early before they become more serious causing downtime, equipment damage or extensive repairs. In its 29 CFR 1910.178 standard language, OSHA states that forklifts must be inspected either daily or after each shift in cases where vehicles are in round-the-clock use. Checkpoints should include seat belts, tires, lights, horn, brakes, backup alarms and fluid levels, as well as the moving and load-supporting parts of the forklift. 

You might have multiple employees using a single forklift within your workplace, so it is important that you familiarize yourself with the new forklift or just ensure the forklift is up to scratch since the last use. A useful tool is a pre-inspection checklist. Implementing the use of a paper checklist system reminds the operator to regularly perform all pre-shift checks, ensure that problems are documented and communicated to supervisors, and help pinpoint when and how changes in the condition of the equipment occurred.

Next do a quick overview of the work environment conditions. Is there any evidence of any fluid leaks?  Is the floor and surrounding area clear of obstruction? Some important points you need to take extra care with are checking the data plate for capacities ( safe working load), load center, and mast full height (MFH). 

A pre-operational inspection of equipment, however, is NOT the same as training to operate the equipment. Do not operate or work with equipment unless you have been properly trained to do so. Proper pre-operation inspection protocols are important in helping avoid workplace damage and injury, and they should not be difficult to manage when using our pre-operation check log book to ensure inspections are being done daily. 

3. Know the Machinery and the Rules

Operating a forklift is serious business, so it is important to be more proactive in how you operate it. If you are not careful, you could really hurt yourself, hurt other people, or you could ruin product. There’s a lot that can happen just by your simple lapse of judgment. In many ways driving a forklift is basically like driving a vehicle on the road. Treat the forklift with respect, as well as the  pedestrians walking around you. If you do this the you and everyone else will be safe.

Even though lift trucks and personal vehicles share some similarities, they ultimately are quite different. The following are ways that a lift truck varies from a personal vehicle:

  • Open structure, driver completely exposed
  • Weights ranging from 9,000 to 30,000 pounds, with rough-terrain lift trucks at the heavier end
  • Traveling speeds of less than 20 mph, closer to a walking pace
  • Three-point forklift stability vs Four points car stability
  • More prone to tipping over – loaded or not – and varying stability
  • Tighter turning radius for operating in tight spots
  • Rear wheel steering, tail swings wider than a car

Another important forklift safety practice which is overlooked quite often is knowing your machine. Just because you know how to drive your forklift doesn’t mean you know how to operate another. Different brands or models function differently.  Components such as pedals, switches, and steering can vary from one type of forklift to the next. In addition, the workplace conditions like rough surfaces, obstructions and closed environment can present hazardous conditions that make it critical for operators to get proper safety training.

Always be aware of your surroundings and the machinery you are operating.  There are many options to increase visibility including better process, better lighting, safety equipment and more. Operators need to be aware of and make eye contact with, pedestrians or other workers. Here are some other measures you should take to increase drivers visibility:

  • Keep a clear view, operate in reverse if it improves visibility, except when on ramps.
  • Always look in the direction of travel.
  • If visibility is poor, do not continue driving.
  • Reduce aisle and dock clutter.
  • Use spotters or aids such as rear-view mirrors to boost visibility.
  • Pay attention to pedestrians, warning sounds.
  • Get properly trained on forklift and warehouse safety procedures.
  • Make sure you can see the racking clearly in which you are positioning your load.

Remember the rules and Don’t take chances with your safety. Knowing and understanding your forklifts will determine the level of safety within your workplace.

4. Understand the “stability triangle”


In forklift training, safety is the key, however. no matter what is being taught, there are various topics to learn about, like the stability triangle.  Load weight, weight distribution, size, shape, and position are key factors affecting the stability of the forklift. One of the hardest things for lift truck operators to grasp in training is the importance of maintaining their center of gravity within their stability triangle. 

In a few words, a forklift has a three-point suspension system. It is found over the two front load wheels, as well as the back mid-point between the rear wheel. If you draw a line between the two front tires to the pivot point on the rear axle and back again you get the forklift stability triangle. When you raise or lower a load, make quick turns, and tilt the mast, the center of gravity shifts inside the stability triangle. The center of gravity must remain inside this triangle.

I’ve just mentioned the top point of the pyramid is located just above the operator’s head. Watch this video to fully understand the stability triangle.

All forklifts have a rated capacity – most are rated at a 24-inch load center, which is the center of standard 48-inch-long forks. The rated capacity drops as you move a load out from the load center. As a rule of thumb, for every inch you move a load forward from the load center, the capacity of the forklift will drop a few hundred pounds.

You should always travel with your forks down low because you have more room for your center of gravity to move. When you have the forks high, it’s called the triangle of stability which refers to is the balance of weight. Factors such as heavy and unbalanced loads, driving on sloping or uneven terrain, or turning with elevated loads can result in the center of gravity moving outside of the triangle. The result can be catastrophic.

Another important safety rule to remember is to be sure to wear your seatbelt at all times.

To take a step back, one of the greatest risks that a lift truck operator faces is a tip over. Tip overs are the cause of about 100 deaths, 34,900 serious injuries and 61,800 minor injuries of lift truck fatalities, according to one source. In 2010, OSHA identified about 110 workplace fatalities where the lift truck was identified as either the primary or a secondary source of the accident. As mentioned above, a tip over can occur when the center of gravity moves outside of the stability triangle.

  • Do not jump off the forklift even if it begins to tip over
  • Firmly hold on the steering wheel
  • Brace your feet
  • Lean away from impact
  • Lean forward

Prior to operating a forklift, it is critically important for forklift operators to be both fully trained and qualified. They should thoroughly understand the safety instructions in their Operations and Maintenance Manuals so they can completely understand how to avoid forklift tip-overs as well as actions to take if one occurs.

5. Know about the Load Basics

Forklift Hazard

What’s so hard about lifting a load? It may seem simple to pick up a load, yet if not done properly, injury and damage can occur. A forklift must be maneuverable, however when carrying loads, they become unstable. It is important for a forklift operator to have a clear understanding of their forklift’s load capacity.  As more forklift options and attachments become available, it reduces the load capacity limitations. The attachment has a weight of its own that will eat up some of your unit’s capacity. A load capacity is determined as the maximum weight that a forklift is able to safely carry at a specified load center. The load limit is shown on the data plate of the lift truck; do not exceed the maximum load limit.

Forklift operators also need to be aware of the load they are moving. The weight, shape and size effects the load center. If you are lifting a more bulky or deeper item, the load centre will increase. Operators need to check loads before picking them up with the forks, ensuring the load’s stability and dimensions will allow for safe transport. Some useful tips you should always keep in the back of your mind when loading include:

  • Always approach the load slowly and carefully
  • Stop 8-12 inches in front of the load
  • Make sure the truck is placed squarely in front of the load
  • Make sure the forks are at the correct height for lifting the load
  • Set the direction control to neutral
  • Never raise or lower the forks unless the forklift is stopped and the brake is set
  • Before raising the load, make sure there’s enough overhead clearance. Your vision can be blocked after the load is elevated.
  • Use the inching pedal to creep the load to the stack.

To make sure that the load is stable, heavy objects should be placed at the bottom of the load and to the rear of the load. You should secure the load if there is any chance of objects falling off and the load should not extend beyond the backrest of the carriage. Operators should never drive forward with forks raised and should lift them off the ground a few inches before proceeding. A load that’s too heavy can raise the forklift’s rear off the ground and create a safety hazard. Also driving too fast may cause the forks to strike something and tip the load over or cause the forklift to suddenly stop. Make sure you have clear visibility of other traffic, pedestrians, and people not involved when loading and unloading. Machinery can seriously hurt people.

An important note, if you have the attachment changed, or add a new attachment you need to remember to ensure your truck’s data plate is accurate.

Related Articles

What’s wrong with this?
How to calculate the effect of an attachment on truck capacity 
10 Tips to Ride the forklift 
Forklift Trucks – Load Handling
Forklift Safety tips

Google Review       Wayco is always there when we need them. Whether it’s a last minute call when a machine is down, to generously providing the equipment we need at Christmas time to make sure emergency food is distributed, we know we can always count on them. ~ Colin MacIntosh



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Waycos’ Customer Service Team is Growing!

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Wayco Multi-Lift Inc. is constantly working on improving our customer service while keeping our prices to our valued customers low. In that effort we would like to keep our customers apprised at the recent changes here at Wayco.

Steve Popp has joined our team and brings with him years of experience in the forklift industry. He will be taking care of New Business Development.  Should you require information on new or used forklifts, servicing your current equipment, rentals and/or service contracts Steve will be more than happy to meet with you.

Christina Mair will remain in the New Business Development where she has succeeded in providing excellent customer service with sales, service, service contracts and arranging training.  Wayco Multi-Lift is proud to announce that Christina is now our in-house Certified Forklift Instructor.  She can provide your company with a certified forklift training program and licensing.  The training can be arranged at our location or at your site depending on attendance levels.

Steve Morris remains in our Parts/Service department.  Steve works in conjunction with our New Business Development program to arrange service and provide parts for our valued customers.  He will continue to provide you with the excellent customer service he has provided at Wayco in the past. Recently Steve has taken over the Rental Program at Wayco Multi-Lift.  Should you require any rentals, whether it is for a day or two, or if you require one for a much longer period; Steve would be more than happy to hear from you.

Matthew Shaw joins our service department as a licensed Forklift Technician.  He is an extremely capable technician who is more than willing to answer any questions you may have on the repair he is completing or suggestion on how to increase the performance of your equipment

Angela Clayton, our Office Administrator and Doug Brough, our General Manager are our Management Team.  Together they ensure that our customer service runs at our best. Doug and Angela are always open to hear from you with any concerns you may have.

Larry McKinnon is no longer affiliated with Wayco Multi-Lift. We wish him the best in his future endeavors. 

On a final note I have attached a link to our google review. Should you have a moment we would be extremely grateful if you fill out the review.  This helps us see our strengths and weaknesses so that we can work on further improvements.

Thank you

Wayco Multi-Lift Inc.


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Customer Forklift Training Promo

forklift training promo$150.00 / PER PERSON

Looking for Forklift Operator Refresher Course?


Good News! Our existing customer can reach out and benefit from this promo!
We are working hard to ensure our customer has a safe workplace. Safety is our #1 priority.

The best part? We can come to you ( minimum of 4 participants) or we have an in-house class.


Let's Start Your Training Today!



Forklift Training Promo




  • New Operator
  • Operator Refresher
  • Aerial Platform
  • Propane Exchange
  • Fall Arrest
  • Pedestrian Awareness
  • Battery Training
  • Lockout / Tagout


Christina joined the Wayco Team in 2016 working as a new sales development representative and since has also taken on a position as a forklift safety trainer. Christina is a passionate trainer committed to educate forklift operator drivers the correct and safe ways, but also ensuring they have the knowledge and understanding how important to work safely each day and go home to their families.

Christina is a highly qualified educator who is known for her dedication, professionalism and attention to detail. Christina loves teaching in front of a class, but is equally at home conducting practical driving test. It brings her great excitement in her role that she is able to raise young or inexperienced drivers up to meet her own high standards and expectations. Christina is very much looking forward to diving into the forklift trainer position and has long believed safety comes first.


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Practical and Theory Aspects of Forklift Training

Forklift Safety Training

Practical and Theory Aspects of Forklift Training

In this post we will be discussing forklift driver practical and theory training aspects and why they are so important!  In many industries, the use of forklifts has considerably increased the productivity of the workplace. If you work in a warehouse, distribution center, lumber yard or construction site, then chances are you’ll have to operate a forklift at some point in your career. Forklifts are extremely powerful machines and it does not take much for injury, damage or loss of life to occur. If you want to avoid serious accidents involving forklifts, then you need to complete the practical and theory forklift training to increase your chances of enjoying a safe and accident free career. Contact us or keep reading to learn more about practical and theory forklift training and its importance.

Stay safe! Get trained today!

Theory Aspect of Forklift Training

As an operator, you are in control, and you must prioritize safety above all else. The theory training portion of forklift training outlines the safe procedure and practices that are a part of daily operation. By taking this training you’re making a commitment to the safe completion of work. In Ontario, OHSA R.R.O. 1990, Reg 851 states that no worker shall operate a lifting device, mobile equipment, vehicle or powered machine, tool, or equipment, unless he or she is competent to do so. As a competent operator, you must also be aware of the legislation that applies to the use of the lift truck and your workplace or job site. Learning this in the theory training will assist you in identifying hazards as well as safe methods of performing work.Topics to be discussed in the theory portion include, hazards,lift trucks and inspection, lift truck and load stability, pedestrian safety awareness and safe operating procedures.

1. Hazards

Forklift Training


Being able to identify hazards and hazardous conditions is an operator’s responsibility during the operation of a lift truck. Hazards are categorized as health or safety hazards. They can result in occupational illness or disease and pose immediate risks. The OHSA Act s.25 (2)(a) requires  employers to provide information, instruction and supervision to a worker to protect the health or safety of the worker. In the class you will do several case studies to identify various hazards and what controls could have been put into place to prevent the hazardous situation. The following is an example of a case study to  test your knowledge.

Case Study: A driver was fatally injured when his 2.5 tonne capacity lift truck rolled over on a public road next to a construction site. The lift truck had been unloading brick and was returning to the trailer used to transport it between sites. The driver made a sharp turn approaching the trailer ramp, and the lift truck rolled over. The driver attempted to jump clear but was crushed beneath the lift truck. The fork arms were raised 2.4 meters and were not carrying a load.

It is essential that you recognize hazards during the planning of your lift, and that you identify required controls. By remaining vigilant, you can react accordingly and take the steps necessary to put the proper hazard controls in place. Remember that you have the right to refuse unsafe work. This is one of many lessons you will learn in the theory forklift training course.

2. Lift trucks and Inspection

You will also learn about lift truck components and pre-operational inspection. It is important to identify the components of the lift truck your are operating so that you can communicate problems to coworkers and provide immediate reference during an emergency. Understanding their functions, ensuring regular inspections are completed and reporting deficiencies is the operator’s responsibility.The inspection process is also crucial to safe work. All lift trucks must undergo daily inspections that include a visual and operational inspection of certain components to check for structural and functional integrity. All inspections must be performed in accordance to the the manufacturer’s guidelines and according to your company’s checklist. All deficiencies must be brought to your supervisor’s attention and all results from your inspections must be documented.

Forklift Training


Recognizing the limitations of each tire type has its own strengths, weaknesses and use. It is important that forklift tires are maintained in order to provide operators with safe and effective machines because tires do not wear evenly, which creates instability. The tires absorb every ounce of your forklift and its load, making it crucial to ensure they’re safe to use at all times.. A damaged tire will create greater vibration, which can result in imbalance and is extremely dangerous. Given their importance, however, it’s highly advisable that you make tire condition part of your safety checks.Remember all inspections must be performed by a competent person.

3. Stability Principles

Your forklift stability depends on your ability to recognize how the load and workplace conditions affect your lift truck. Participants will be able to discuss stability principles related to lift trucks, recognize the factors that affect stability, and determine safe lifting procedures according to capacity plates. Failure to understand the interplay between the load and the truck may lead to loss of the load and/or tip-over. In order to operate a lift truck safely, you must understand certain specifications, such as your lift truck’s maximum capacity, and certain concepts, such as combined centre of gravity and a stability triangleForklift Training

Keep the combined centre of gravity inside the the stability zone at all times. Stability zone for a counterbalance lift truck is in the shape of a triangle and for a straddle balance truck is in the shape of a trapezoid. Any movement of the lift truck will cause the center of gravity to shift. For this reason, you must avoid any extreme or unwanted movements while operating a lift truck. In addition, the load will affect the combined center of gravity. Assess each and every load and account for how it will affect the stability of the lift truck. 

4. Safe Operations

As a lift truck operator, you are directly responsible for the safe operation of your equipment. You must remain mindful of certain attributes common to all lift trucks while performing operations. A loaded lift truck weighs upwards of 15,000 lbs., yet it is equipped with braking mechanisms inferior to those found in most standard cars. You must allow ample stopping distance and travel at a safe speed to account for the weight and braking system. Unlike a car, lift trucks steer from the rear wheels. As a result, the rear end of your lift truck swings outwards on turns. Ensure that you give yourself the necessary clearance to perform turns.

Here are some safety procedures outlined in our forklift training course:

  • Traveling 
  • Load Handling
  • Spotter
  • Pedestrians
  • Ramps and Grades
  • Docks and Trailers
  • Elevators
  • Parking
  • Fuel             

When traveling in a lift truck, it is important to wear your seatbelt, keep all of your body parts inside the vehicle, and watch out for any unforeseen hazards, such as problems with the ground conditions or pedestrians. In order to be able to react to these hazards, you must ensure that you have adequate visibility of your surroundings. If the load is blocking your view, drive with the load behind you, or use a spotter.

forklift training

To handle a load safely, a forklift operator must consider dangers ranging from improper load weight to blind spots, and hazards on the ground. When lifting, moving, or lowering a load with a forklift, smooth operation is essential for maintaining stability. Our forklift training teaches you the correct way to load, carry, and unload when operating a forklift. Always when traveling in a forklift watch for obstacles, tilt mast back and raise your forks. How to assess your load, engage the load, lift the load and carry the load is important.

Use a spotter to help you. If the spotter or a clear path of travel is not visible, don’t move the lift truck. Watch for employees working in the same area that may not see the lift truck; do not move until eye contact is made. Don’t let anyone walk under raised forks or load. If you are given a load to handle and someone is required to hold or position the load while the lift truck is moving – STOP. There is something wrong. If you are unable to handle the load alone, change the load or the equipment. Otherwise, someone will eventually be hurt badly. Don’t take this risk. Find a better way to move the load. In case of a tip-over it is important that you remain inside the vehicle and do not try to jump clear of the truck. 

5. Pedestrian Safety Awareness

Ever feel like you just can’t get where you’re trying to go in your warehouse or factory? No matter how much planning or foresight goes into your warehouse design and layout, the paths workers take to get where they have to go are never exactly first in people’s minds.

Forklift Training

Anyone who runs a warehouse or industrial facility understands the dangers and the fact that drivers should be trained. But do you train the pedestrians, the order pickers, the managers, and vendors who sometimes roam your facility? As a pedestrian in a forklift environment, it’s your responsibility to keep yourself safe. The objective of the pedestrian awareness program is to train your employees to work safely around lift trucks and other powered mobile industrial equipment. Pedestrians use the same roadway as vehicles. Drivers should face the direction of travel and sound the horn at intersections and blind spots. Pedestrians may not watch for forklifts, even if there are warning lights or alarms , therefore drivers should not move until eye contact is made.  As noted before the lift truck has rear steering and visibility restrictions that the pedestrian may not understand. 

A few tips for pedestrians:

  • See eye-to-eye
  • Don’t trust your ears.
  • Visibility is terrible on many forklifts, so make yourself stand out
  • Use marked pedestrian lanes and crossings if you have them.
  • Remember that forklifts aren’t cars.
  • Remind yourself that  forklifts are like an angry bull: dangerous from all sides
  • If you can’t see it, it can’t see you.
  • Know a little physics.

Other common safety rules include never walking under a load, keeping clear of a forklift and load swing radius, and never riding on a lift truck unless it is specifically designed to accommodate a passenger. Communication and alertness are crucial.

Forklift awareness training for pedestrians is an important step in making people aware of the hazards. It will provide the tools to minimize the risk of an accident. Trained pedestrians are also a benefit to equipment operators, enabling them to handle materials more safely and efficiently. Industrial pedestrian safety awareness training is an important component of your company’s overall safety program.

Practical Aspect of Forklift Training

Do you remember the time when you first applied for a driver’s license? You need to prove your skills driving the car. Forklift practice driving is very much the same.



The hands-on practical forklift test evaluation is a crucial part of the course and is required to complete the certification. This test is conducted by a qualified competent trainer who has a recognized certificate, knowledge and skills to deliver the training. It is where trainees will demonstrate their own skills by following sets of instructions validating their competency. Practical training provides the trainees with the most current legislative information.  CSA Standard B335-15 identifies the knowledge, practical skills and evaluation requirements needed to be a lift truck operator. The practical evaluation of the forklift operator training course requires operators to demonstrate competency skill level equal tp or greater than the industry accepted measurements.

Our qualified instructor will use a checklist during the practical training session to evaluate to ensure that trainees are able to safely operate a forklift. Evaluation is based on important hazards, dangers, conditions, and risks of the actual workplace for the associated forklift type you are training for. The trainer evaluation is the last stage of the course. If you succeeded passing the written test and practical test, the trainer will issue you a certificate and operator card to show your employer. 

The following are things your instructor will need to observe that you did when taking the practical test:

  • Performed Pre-vehicle safety checks
  • Gave proper signals when turning
  • Slowed down at intersections
  • Turned correctly – aware of rear end swing
  • Yielded to pedestrian
  • Checked load weight
  • Loaded  and unloaded properly
  • Sounded horn at intersections
  • Drove under control and within proper traffic aisles
  • Safely parked

The forklift practical test should not be taken lightly. It is imperative not only to your own safety, but to your coworkers’ as well. These are important points if you want to pass the certification evaluation. Taking a course in our training facility can be a fun experience with the opportunity to not only become a forklift operator, but to excel at being a forklift operator.

Schedule your Training Today

Google Review We purchased a used fork lift from Wayco in January. It was extremely clean and in excellent condition when it was delivered. We have also had incredible ongoing service from the professionals at Wayco. Overall dealing with them has been an excellent experience.~ Dons Trailer

For professional advice and guidance on obtaining the proper training and certification , call our Wayco Trainer Christina today at 519-635-8832 to discuss your training needs.


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“Komatsu Cash Back” Customer Rebate Program

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Komatsu Cash Back Customer Rebate Program

 “Komatsu Cash Back” Customer Rebate Program 

Komatsu Forklift is pleased to announce a new and exciting “Komatsu Cash Back” program

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